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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2005;13(1):48-56.
Published online May 30, 2005.
Comparative Study between Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II and Korean Infant and Child Developmental Test in Infants Younger than 12 Months.
Seong Guk Kim, Nyeon Cheon Kim, In Kyu Lee, Myung Ho Oh, Young Chang Kim, Hee Jung Lee
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea. inkyuyi@chol.com
2Department of Child Welfare, Social Welfare Divisions, Cheonan University, Cheonan, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
Currently, there are many developmental tests of scale and screening for infants and children. However, it has been questioned about the discriminating power and the correlation among developmental tests of scale and screening. So we comprared the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II(BSID-II) and Korean Infant and Child Developmental Test(KICDT) in terms of correlations and agreement. METHODS: Seventy two infants were studied, who visited the pediatric outpatient clinic at Cheonan Soonchunhyang University Hospital between December 2002 and September 2003. They were classified into three groups, group A of 24 full term infants, group B of 24 preterm infants, and group C of 24 disabled full term infants. We performed both tests to the all infants. RESULTS: The mean scores of mental and psychomotor developmental indices of BSID-II of group A were higher than those of group B and group C, which was statistically significant. Also, the mean scores of personal-social, language and cognitive- adaptive fields of KICDT of group A were much higher than those of group B and group C. The correlation coefficients between BSID-II and KICDT were high in many indices. The kappa coefficient by Cohen between BSID-II and KICDT is 0.45(0.24-0.66). CONCLUSION: There was a reasonable corrrelation between BSID-II and Korean infant and child developmental test in infants younger than 12 months. The kappa coefficient by Cohen between BSID-II and KICDT is not so good in this study. Further study is needed to standardize the items of KICDT.
Key Words: Bayley scales of infant development-II, Korean infant and child developmental test, Infant development
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