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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2007;15(1):102-105.
Published online May 30, 2007.
The Ictal Electroencephalographic Findings in a Neonate with Hypocalcemia Seizure.
Hye Kyung Ryu, Sang Uk Park, Jae Won Shim, Jung Yeon Shim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park, Deok Soo Kim
Department of Pediatrics, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dskim2@skku.edu
Abstract
Seizures in neonates can occur due to the problems of delivery at birth such as anoxia and cerebral hemorrhage. Other events, such as hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia, hypomagnesemia, infection and central nervous system malformations, can cause sezures. Hypocalcemia occurs most commonly in neonates, which is one of the important causes of neonatal seizures over the post few decades. The electroencephalogram (EEG) in neonatal hypocalcemia may show abnormal spikes, specifically focal, rhythmic, high-voltage, and frontocentral discharges that rapidly generalize. We report the ictal EEG findings in a neonate with hypocalcemic seizures.
Key Words: Hypocalcemia, Neonatal seizures, Electroencephalogram


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