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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2002;10(2):273-280.
Published online November 30, 2002.
A Clinical Study of Aseptic Meningitis in Busan and Kyoungsangnamdo from April to July, 2002.
Kyoung Hwa Lee, Young Ho Son, Young Hee Jung, Chul Ho Kim, Tae Gyu Hwang
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea. htg6700@chollian.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
There was an outbreak of aseptic meningitis in Busan and Kyoungsangnamdo area from April to July, 2002. In this study, we reported the clinical manifestations, laboratory data and causative viruses. METHODS: 184 children with aseptic meningitis who had been admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Inje Paik Hospital in Kaegum and Dongrae between April and July 2002 were assessed. Virus isolation and serotype identification were performed by cell culture and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) of cerebrospinal fluid. RESULTS: The peak incidence was noted in May. Male-to-female ratio was 2:1. The age ranged from 2 years to 16 years. Mean age was 8.7+/-7.1 years. Clinical manifestations were fever(95.1%), headache(91.8%) and vomiting(89.7%). Mean duration of fever was 2.6 days. The numbers of peripheral blood leukocytes were 1,400-20,000/mm3 and mean value was 9,829/mm3. On cerebrospinal fluid examinations, leukocyte count was in range of 10-2,000(mean 301)/mm3, protein level in range of 10-196(mean 36.7)mg/dL and glucose level from 17 to 155(mean 58.3)mg/dL. Viruses were isolated 13(8.4%) out of 154 patients and serotypes were 6 cases of echovirus 6, 3 cases of echovirus 9, 1 case of echovirus 13, 2 cases of echovirus 25 and 1 case of echovirus 30. CONCLUSION: Aseptic meningitis was prevalent in Busan and Kyoungsangnamdo area from April to July, 2002. We thought that causative viruses were echovirus 6, 9, 13, 25, 30.
Key Words: Aseptic meningitis, Echovirus


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