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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2009;17(1):40-49.
Published online May 30, 2009.
The Clinical Features, Immunostaining and Genetic Study in Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy.
Chang Deok Seo, Yoon Jung Lee, Eun Hye Lee, Min Hee Jeong, Mi Sun Yum, Jung Min Ko, Han Wook Yoo, Tae Sung Ko
Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. tsko@amc.seoul.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This retrospective study was designed to know the relation between clinical features, genetics, and immunostaining findings among children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)/Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) and the validity of the diagnostic tools for muscular dystrophy. METHODS: The medical records and computerized databases of 93 patients diagnosed with DMD/BMD from June 1989 to December 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic characteristics including clinical features, serum creatinine kinase(CK) level, electromyogram(EMG) and nerve conduction velocity(NCV), muscle biopsy, immunochemical staining for dystrophin, and the deletion of dystrophin gene were analyzed. We calculate the concordance rate between type of frame (in or out of frame) and phenotype. RESULTS: 58(62%) children were diagnosed with DMD, 13(14%) BMD, 19(20%) unclassified dystrophy, and 3(3%) DMD/BMD carriers. The mean age of symptom onset was 5.0+/-3.5 years(range, 1-17). 46(49%) children presented gait disturbance and 35(37%) elevation of liver enzymes. The mean value of serum CK enzyme was 14,758+/-11,792 IU/L (range, 633-61,349). There was no dystrophin in the immunochemical stain among 48 DMD children and at least partial or incomplete dystrophin among 10 BMD children. 28/54(51%) children had dystrophin gene deletion in multiplex PCR and 13/14(92%) in Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification(MLPA). The loss of heterozygosity was shown in 2 children by MLPA. The overall concordance rate between type of frame(in or out of frame) and phenotype was 95% in this study. CONCLUSION: Despite of small population, this finding indicates that the determination of type of frame (in or out of frame) by MLPA may be helpful in differential diagnosis of DMD/BMD. In addition, we surmise that the detection of carrier by MLPA is helpful in genetic counseling.
Key Words: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Becker muscular dystrophy, Dystrophin, Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification


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