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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2010;18(1):58-65.
Published online May 30, 2010.
Psychological Characteristics of Children and Adolescents with Headaches.
Ji Yeon Kim, Jang Hoon Lee, So Hee Eun, Baik Lin Eun, Sang Ook Nam, Mi Kyoung Song
1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea. sheun@korea.ac.kr
2Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Korea.
3Graduate school of education, Seoul Women's University, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
Headaches are associated with psychiatric illness, and can affect all aspects of a functioning child. We examined the behavioral and emotional problems of children and adolescents suffering from headaches. METHODS: Children and adolescents(N=269) aged 4 to 17 suffering from headaches and their age-matched controls(N=31) were assessed using the Korean Child Behavior Checklist(K-CBCL), Korean Personality Inventory for Children (KPI-C), and Children's Depression Inventory(CDI). RESULTS: Psychological profiles were analyzed in three stages. First, the primary headaches had a statistically significant tendency to show problems in anxiety, depression, somatization, and psychosis scales of KPI-C, and somatic complaints, thought, and internalizing problems of K-CBCL than in the control group(P<0.05). Second, migraines(N=162) and tension-type headaches(N=57) showed no statistically significant difference(P>0.05). Finally, the chronic daily headaches(CDH)(N=43) had statistically significantly higher scores in CDI and somatization of KPI-C than in the episodic headaches(P<0.05). In respect to ego-resilience scale of KPI-C, CDH had statistically significantly lower score than in the episodic headaches(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Children and adolescents with headaches show greater internalizing problems(anxiety, depression, somatization, and thought problems) than their healthy peers. Patients with CDH will have a negative effect on their adaptations because they have a lower ego-resilience and more symptoms of depression and somatization than children suffering from episodic headaches and controls.
Key Words: Headache, Child, Psychological factors


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