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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2011;19(2):76-83.
Published online August 30, 2011.
Clinical Course and Prognosis of Migraine Headache in Childhood and Adolescence.
A Lum Heo, Ji Hoi Yoon, Jun Hwa Lee, Kyung Lae Cho
Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School, Korea. pedikyung@yahoo.co.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical course and prognosis of migraines in childhood and adolescence, and the influence of preventive therapy on them. METHODS: We recruited 110 children and adolescents with migraines who had been newly diagnosed and treated. Treatment was composed of observation after consultation, acute symptomatic treatment, and preventive therapy. We prescribed topiramate for preventive therapy. The recipients of preventive therapy were those patients who complained of disturbance in daily life due to severe headache. The clinical course was evaluated on the basis of changes in the frequency of migraine attack and was divided into three groups: complete recovery, partial recovery, and non-recovery. The prognosis of migraine was classified into those free from migraine attack, decreased, and persistant. RESULTS: Forty-six (41.8%) of 110 patients completely recovered, and 70 (63.6%) were free from migraine attack. In those suffering from migraines without aura, 38.3% of the patients completely recovered and 59.6% were free from migraine attack. Regarding migraines with aura, 58.5% of the patients completely recovered and 70.7% were free from migraine attack. With respect to cases of probable migraine, 18.2% completely recovered and 59.6% were free from migraine attack. In those receiving preventive treatment, 80.0% of all patients completely recovered and 85.0% were free from migraine. According to migraine type, 66.7% of patients with migraine without aura completely recovered and 80% were free from migraine. In those with migraine and aura, 88.8% of patients completely recovered and 88.8% were free from migraine attack. CONCLUSION: It was estimated that the clinical course and prognosis of migraine patients who were treated by pediatric neurologists were generally good. The clinical course was better in the preventive therapy group. In particular, the effect of preventive treatment and prognosis were optimal in patients with migraine with aura.
Key Words: Migraine, Preventive therapy, Clinical course, Prognosis


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