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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2012;20(3):144-150.
Published online September 30, 2012.
Analysis of Interictal Epileptiform Discharges in the Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes: Prediction of Seizure Outcome.
Mi Kyung Kim, Min Sang Kim, Cheol Park, Jung Hye Byeon, Gun Ha Kim, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Baik Lin Eun
Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. bleun@korea.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS), commonly affecting children between 3 and 13 years of age, is focal epilepsy with the presence of centrotemporal spikes on electroencephalography (EEG). The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between EEG findings and clinical prognosis in patients with BECTS. METHODS: From 2005 to 2010, patients with a diagnosis of BECTS with a follow-up period of over one year after the diagnosis were included in our study. We analyzed their first interictal EEG: frequency of interictal discharges and average voltage in each waking and sleep phase. In addition, multiple factors were reviewed from the medical records: the age at the time of seizure onset, frequency of seizures, use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), duration of AED therapy, age at the time of EEG normalization and age at the time of last seizure. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients were included in our study. Frequent interictal epileptiform discharges during sleep correlated with younger age of seizure onset (P=0.040), earlier onset of AED therapy (P=0.022), younger age at the time of seizure cessation (P=0.027), greater frequency of interictal epileptiform discharges during wakefulness (P=0.006), higher average voltage (P=0.001) and higher frequency of seizures after AED initiation (P=0.043). CONCLUSION: In BECTS patients, frequent interictal epileptiform discharges during sleep could be correlated with higher seizure frequency, even after cessation of AED. These findings would be helpful in predicting the prognosis of children with BECTS.
Key Words: Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes, Prognosis, Seizure, Electroencephalography


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