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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2013;21(3):190-194.
Published online September 30, 2013.
Use of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
Hyo Jeong Kim, Soo Jin Chang, Heung Dong Kim, Hoon Chul Kang
1Department of Pediatrics, Konyang University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea. hipo0207@yuhs.ac
Abstract
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction or intermittent complete obstruction that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns. Untreated OSAS can cause various problems such as cognitive deficit, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, failure to thrive and mood disorder. Therefore, early diagnosis and proper management is very important. The gold standard of diagnosis of OSAS is overnight polysomnography. Treatment includes the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and weight loss in obese children. Here, we present an obese 15-year-old boy presented with obstructive sleep apnea and attention deficit. He was diagnosed with OSAS by polysomnography and was successfully treated with CPAP.
Key Words: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, Continuous positive airway pressure, Obesity, Adolescent
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