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Ann Child Neurol > Volume 22(3); 2014 > Article
Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2014;22(3):165-168.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26815/jkcns.2014.22.3.165    Published online September 30, 2014.
Successful Treatment of Intractable Hiccups with Benztropine.
Yoo Seon Kim, Hee Joon Yu, Jae Youn Kim, Munhyang Lee, Jeehun Lee
1Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pediatrics, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. jhlee0101@skku.edu
Abstract
In general, intractable hiccups are uncommon. Various drugs and interventions have been reported, but there is no consensus on the treatment of intractable hiccups. We report a patient with meningitis and rhombencephalitis who presented with intractable hiccups that were resolved following treatment with benztropine. A 17-year-old boy was admitted to another hospital with a two-week history of fever and headache. A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) test showed an increased white blood cell (WBC) count (290/muL, monocytes 100%). He was diagnosed with meningitis and treated with ceftriaxone. Two days after admission, hiccups started and lasted for eight days, despite treatment with phenobarbital, diazepam, haloperidol, phenytoin, and chlorpromazine. He was transferred to our hospital for further evaluation and treatment. He was clinically diagnosed with rhombencephalitis based upon the findings of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The fever and headache disappeared one day later. However, the hiccups persisted, despite symptomatic treatment with chlorpromazine, gabapentin, and metoclopramide. The hiccups disappeared after one day of adding benztropine without relapse. Benztropine can be considered in the treatment of intractable hiccups.
Key Words: Hiccups, Meningitis, Encephalitis, Benztropine


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