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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 1999;7(2):228-236.
Published online December 30, 1999.
Intracranial Hemorrhage in Late Hemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn: Brain Computed Tomographic Findings.
Choon Sik Yoon, Jun Gyun Park, Myung Joon Kim, Min Soo Park, Kook In Park, Jun Soo Lee
1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Research Institue of Radiological Science, Yonsei University, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study is to evaluate the Brain CT manifestations of late hemorrhagic disease of the newborn. METHODS: We evaluated 13 cases with late hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, for whom brain CT scans were performed. Clinical indications for brain CT scan were mental changes(n=5), vomiting(n=2), irritability(n=2), seizure(n=3), and lethargy(n=1). We analyzed the result of the brain CT findings with attention to anatomic locations of hemorrhage and characteristics of hemorrhagic manifestations. RESULTS: Only one patient in 13 patients was normal on brain CT scan, and 12 patients showed hemorrhagic lesions. Among 12 patients, 5 cases had single hemorrhagic lesion(3 subdural hemorrhages and 2 intracerebral hemorrhages, and 7 cases had multiple lesions, in which subdural hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage were common respectively. The other common brain CT findings except hemorrhagic lesion were the mass effects with ventricle compression(n=11), midline shifting(n=6), ventricular dilatation(n=7), and fluid-fluid levels in hemorrhagic lesion(n=9). CONCLUSION: The common intracranial hemorrhages of late hemorrhagic disease of the newborn were subdural and subarachnoid hemorrhages. The associated CT findings were mass effect and fluid-fluid levels. Intracranial hemorrhage in late hemorrhagic disease of newborn could massively occurr. Thus brain CT scan should be done if any symptom for neurologic abnormality was present.
Key Words: Hemorrhagic disease, Newborn, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Brain CT scan
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