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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2001;9(2):362-367.
Published online October 30, 2001.
Clinical Analysis of Childhood Vertigo.
Chae Hyeok Lee, Hyun Min Park, Baeck Hee Lee, Yun Hwan Kim, Chung Ku Rhee
1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
Vertigo and dizziness are not common complaints in childhood, but are present more often than formerly thought. A detailed interview and otoneurological examination are important for reaching a specific diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of our study was to obtain our own etiological, clinical and diagnostic statistics, and to review the major related pathologies. METHODS: We investigated eighty-five children who visited Dankook University Hospital with a chief complaint of vertigo. Presenting symptoms, the result of diagnostic tests, and etiologic diagnoses were evaluated. RESULTS: Benign paroxysmal vertigo in childhood was the most common etiology of childhood vertigo accounting for about 38.8%, and migrainous vertigo and post-traumatic vertigo were present in 17.6% and 12.9% respectively. In vestibular function testings, electronystagmography and rotating chair test were abnormal in 11.2% and 21.2%, and the score of sensory organization test in posturography was lower than 50 in 44.4%. Other clinical diagnostic tests were informative for elucidation of individual etiologies. CONCLUSION: Benign paroxysmal vertigo in childhood and migrainous vertigo were the most common etiologies in childhood vertigo, with the former more common in under 12 years and the latter more common in over 12 years. Vestibular function tests were not so informative in diagnostic approach of childhood vertigo.
Key Words: Childhood, Vertigo, Vestibular function test


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